Child custody is one aspect of family law that can be important to many. Child custody defines all parents’ privileges not only to visit with children but also to make major choices about the life of the infant. Most individuals will not be informed that child custody has two separate and essential aspects: legal custody and physical custody. Judicial custody relates to the decision-making rights of the parent over essential actions in the life of the infant. Education, medical treatment and moral beliefs are among such choices. Physical custody relates to the position of the infant. see here
In certain instances, the parents could have established their own joint custody arrangement during the divorce proceedings. Such agreements are usually accepted by the courts, but these arrangements are not required by the courts, and they may be refused. Parental arrangements do not tie the courts because the courts have an autonomous responsibility to determine the relationship is appropriate for the welfare of the child. The right of the judge to decide what is in the best interest of the child to establish custody arrangements that are better for the child is essential for enabling judges to have the power to reject parental arrangements.
The parents have two ways to divide their children’s treatment and supervision. This first choice is for one parent to have exclusive physical and legal control while the other parent has privileges of access or visits. Usually, the formal and physical jurisdiction should not be divided from single jurisdiction. When one parent has primary custody, usually he or she may have full legal and physical custody. Yet exclusive jurisdiction comes with certain drawbacks. An indication of such restrictions is that both parents are prohibited from belittling the other parent, or bad-mouthing.
The other choice is to share shared legal and/or physical custody with the spouses. Under shared parenting, it is not necessary that the time the infant spent with each parent be equal. The infant can spend more time with one parent and the contract for the custody may also be deemed a shared agreement. Under a shared custody agreement, combining the legal and physical jurisdiction is simpler.
Children may not only compete against themselves during a child custody dispute, but may also have to protect against third parties that claim that the child’s best interests include the custody of a third party. Biological and foster parents enjoy equal privileges to all third parties in this case. That involves grandparents or other friends of the family, stepparents, a nanny or the administration. There is also an assumption that the parents would be suitable. A third party will prove that the parents are incompetent as parents in order for the state, or a third party, to obtain custody of a child. The main purpose of the court in deciding custody is to facilitate the compromise that is in the child’s best interests.